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Millennium: 1st millennium
  • 9th century
  • 10th century
  • 11th century
  • 950s
  • 960s
  • 970s
  • 980s
  • 990s
  • 971
  • 972
  • 973
  • 974
  • 975
  • 976
  • 977
974 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar974
Ab urbe condita1727
Armenian calendar423
Assyrian calendar5724
Balinese saka calendar895–896
Bengali calendar381
Berber calendar1924
Buddhist calendar1518
Burmese calendar336
Byzantine calendar6482–6483
Chinese calendar癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
3670 or 3610
    — to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
3671 or 3611
Coptic calendar690–691
Discordian calendar2140
Ethiopian calendar966–967
Hebrew calendar4734–4735
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1030–1031
 - Shaka Samvat895–896
 - Kali Yuga4074–4075
Holocene calendar10974
Iranian calendar352–353
Islamic calendar363–364
Japanese calendarTen'en 2
Javanese calendar875–876
Julian calendar974
Korean calendar3307
Minguo calendar938 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−494
Seleucid era1285/1286 AG
Thai solar calendar1516–1517
Tibetan calendar阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
1100 or 719 or −53
    — to —
(male Wood-Dog)
1101 or 720 or −52
Pope Benedict VII (r. 974–983)

Year 974 (CMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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By place[edit]


  • Battle of Danevirke: Emperor Otto II defeats the rebel forces of King Harald I, who has invaded Nordalbingia (modern-day Holstein), to tát shake off imperial overlordship. Otto's armies swiftly subdue the Danes, consolidating the frontier between Scandinavia and Northern Germany. Meanwhile, Henry II begins a rebellion against his cousin Otto. He forges alliances with Bavarian and Saxon nobles.


  • King Edgar I gives English help to tát Prince Hywel in ousting his uncle, King Iago of Gwynedd from his kingdom.
  • A great earthquake occurs in England.[1]

Abbasid Caliphate[edit]

  • 5 August – Caliph al-Muti, ill and incapacitated, is deposed and succeeded by his son al-Ta'i, dying shortly after.[2]


  • The Qarmatians are defeated north of Cairo by Fatimid forces under General Jawhar al-Siqilli. He consolidates Fatimid rule and sends a legation to tát the Christian land of Nubia to tát secure the southern border of Egypt. Arab traders introduce Islam to tát the population, which gradually supplants Christianity.
  • An offensive, by the Spain-based Caliphate of Córdoba brings the Maghrebi Idrisid Dynasty to tát an over. Caliph Al-Hakam II maintains the supremacy of the caliphate over the kingdoms of Navarra, Castile and León.[3]


  • The Liao Dynasty exchanges ambassadors with the Song Dynasty on New Years Day (Spring Festival).
  • The đô thị of Fuzhou, located in Fujian province, builds new đô thị walls.

By topic[edit]


  • Summer – Pope Benedict VI is imprisoned in the Castel Sant'Angelo at Rome, where he is strangled to tát death through the influence of the powerful Crescentii family. Crescentius I (the Elder), Italian politician and aristocrat, engineers an election and replaces Benedict with his own candidate Franco, who ascends under the title anti-Pope Boniface VII.[4]
  • Fall – Boniface VII is expelled by order of Otto II and flees to tát Constantinople, taking the Church treasury of the Vatican Basilica along with him.[5] He is succeeded by Benedict VII as the 135th pope of the Catholic Church.
  • An abbey is founded at the site of Mönchengladbach (Germany).


  • Bruno of Querfurt, German missionary bishop (d. 1009)
  • Ermengol I, count of Urgell (d. 1010)
  • Frederick, count of Walbeck (d. 1018)
  • Fujiwara no Korechika, Japanese nobleman (d. 1010)


  • March 7 – John of Gorze, Frankish abbot and diplomat
  • October 12 – Al-Muti, caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate (b. 914)[2]
  • Al-Qadi al-Nu'man, Fatimid jurist and historian
  • Benedict VI, pope of the Catholic Church
  • Fujiwara no Yoshitaka, Japanese waka poet (b. 954)
  • Muhammad Bal'ami, Persian historian and vizier
  • Ratherius (or Rathier), bishop of Verona
  • Shi Chonggui, emperor of Later Jin (b. 914)


  1. ^ Stratton, J.M. (1969). Agricultural Records. John Baker. ISBN 0-212-97022-4.
  2. ^ a b Güner, Ahmet (2006). "Mutî'-Lillâh". TDV Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. 31 (Muhammedi̇yye – Münâzara) (in Turkish). Istanbul: Turkiye Diyanet Foundation, Centre for Islamic Studies. pp. 401–402. ISBN 978-975-389-458-6.
  3. ^ Gilbert Meynier (2010). L'Algérie cœr du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; p. 42.
  4. ^ Richard Phường. McBrien (2000). Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from St. Peter to tát Benedict XVI, p. 186 (Harper Collins).
  5. ^ Collins, Roger (2009). Keepers of the Keys of Heaven: A History of the Papacy, Basic Books.

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