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For the broader region of Seoul, see Gangnam

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Gangnam

Korean: 강남구; Hanja: 江南區

Autonomous District

Crossing between Teheran-ro and Yeongdong-daero, Gangnam, Seoul, South Korea.

Teheran-ro and Yeongdong-daero streets seen from Park Hyatt Seoul.

Flag of Gangnam

Flag

Location of Gangnam-gu in Seoul

Location of Gangnam-gu in Seoul

Coordinates: 37°29′48″N 127°01′39″E / 37.49667°N 127.02750°E
Country South Korea
RegionSudogwon
Special CitySeoul
Administrative dong26
Government
 • MayorCho Seong-myeong (2022–) (People Power)
Area
 • Total39.49 km2 (15.25 sq mi)
Population

 (November, 2020)[1]

 • Total508,135
 • Density13,000/km2 (33,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Korea Standard Time)
Postal code.

06000 ~ 06499

Area code(s)+82-2-2226,400,500
Websitegangnam.go.kr
Map
Administrative divisions
Cheongdam Intersection, the starting point of Cheongdam Fashion Street

Gangnam District (Korean: 강남구; Hanja: 江南區; RR: Gangnam-gu; IPA: [ka̠ŋna̠m.gu]) is one of the 25 districts of Seoul, South Korea. The term Gangnam translates to lớn "South of the [Han] River". Gangnam District is the third largest district in Seoul, with an area of 39.5 km2 (15.3 sq mi). As of the 2017 census, Gangnam District had a population of 561,052.[1] There is a high concentration of wealth in the district, with prices for an apartment as of 2020 nearly double those in the rest of Seoul. Gangnam District is part of Gangnam School District Eight, along with the Seocho District. This district shares half of Gangnam-daero Gangnam Station area with Seocho District, which is one of the most crowded places in South Korea.[2]

Administration[edit]

Gangnam is one of two gu that trang điểm the Greater Gangnam Area with neighboring Seocho District.

The Gangnam District office has designated two smoke-free zones within the district. The first is the section of Gangnam Boulevard between exit No. 2 of Gangnam station of Seoul Subway Line 2 and exit No. 5 of Sinnonhyeon station of Line 9; the second is the 836-meter (914-yard) section of sidewalk along Yeongdong Boulevard from exit No. 5 of Samseong station on Line 2, outside COEX Convention & Exhibition Center and ASEM Tower of the COEX complex.[3]

Divisions[edit]

Gangnam District is composed of 26 dong (neighborhoods):

Economy[edit]

Parts of this article (those related to lớn this section) need to lớn be updated. Please help update this article to lớn reflect recent events or newly available information. (February 2023)

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Both the Greater Gangnam Area and Gangnam itself are widely known for its heavily concentrated wealth and very high standard of living, which has been compared to lớn cities such as Beverly Hills, California.[4] The most significant indicator is its extremely expensive real estate. Seoul as a whole is known for its expensive housing prices—as of 2011, its average apartment cost approximately US$5,500 per m2—but the average price in Gangnam is almost twice as high, roughly US$10,000 per m2, which is 3.5 times the nationwide average.[5] This is driven in part by the price of land: the 40 km2 making up Gangnam district rivals in valuation with the entirety of the thành phố of Busan, the second-largest thành phố in South Korea which occupies 770 km2. Combined with the neighboring districts of Seocho and Songpa, the Greater Gangnam Area accounts for almost 10% of the land value of the entire country.[6]

While Seoul's traditional business centers such as Central District, Jongno District, Yongsan District and Yeongdeungpo District still maintain their leading roles, Gangnam and its neighboring districts have swiftly become the new core across all areas of business over the last few decades. KOSPI 200 companies based in Gangnam district include KEPCO, GS Group, Hyundai Department Store Group, HITEJinro, Hansol, Hankook Tire, GLOVIS and Korea Zinc Corporation. Besides, POSCO also operates POSCO Center in Teheran Valley, and KT&G operates Kosmo Tower. Other notable companies based in Gangnam include Dongbu Fire Insurance, Young Poong Group, T'way Airlines and Hankook P&G. Gangnam is also trang chính to lớn many IT and other internet-related companies including NC Soft and Pandora TV, and is also a strong hub of the country's financial and banking sectors. Many international companies also operate key offices in Gangnam, including Google,[7] IBM, Toyota, and AMI.

Since January 2012, the area has also been trang chính to lớn FNC Entertainment, which moved into its own company offices in Cheongdam-dong, separate from its parent company in the CJ E&M Music Performance Division Building in neighbouring Apgujeong-dong.[8] Other entertainment companies located there include SM Entertainment, JYP Entertainment (until 2018), Cube Entertainment, Pledis Entertainment, LOEN Entertainment,[9] Source Music, Plan A Entertainment, DSP Media, MBK Entertainment, Nega Network, C-JeS Entertainment, WM Entertainment, NH Media, J. Tune Entertainment, TOP Media, Happy Face Entertainment, Dream Tea Entertainment, Polaris Entertainment, Jellyfish Entertainment, DR Music, Stardom Entertainment, and HYBE Corporation.

The Korean subsidiary of American Megatrends, AMI Korea, is headquartered in Daechidong, Gangnam District.[10]

Economic development[edit]

Until the early 1980s Gangnam and its neighboring areas had remained the least developed in Seoul, but prodigious development over the last 30 years has earned it a reputation of being one of the most affluent, dynamic, and influential areas in both Seoul and South Korea as a whole.[11]

In addition, the COEX Convention & Exhibition Center in Gangnam recently hosted several international conferences such as the 2010 G-20 summit and the 2012 Nuclear Security Summit.[12][13]

Education[edit]

South Korea is known for its high standard of education and intense competition for university entrance, and Gangnam is considered the national capital of education, which is one of the decisive factors to lớn make Gangnam the most attractive destination in South Korea. In 2010, roughly 6% of the successful candidates to lớn Seoul National University, which is considered the best university in South Korea, were from Gangnam district, while Gangnam's population makes up only 1% of the country's population.[14][15] In 2008, 22.7 out of 1,000 students in Gangnam district went abroad to lớn study, while the nation's average ratio in the same time frame was only 3.6 per 1,000 students.[16] Following the substantial raising of the profile of the Gangnam district internationally, the area has become a popular destination for international students seeking Korean language lessons, marking the rise of Korea as a 'study tourism' destination. Both long-standing locally owned schools such as the Seoul Korean Academy, and more recent foreign-owned entities such as Lexis Korea report a significant increase in interest in the location.

International schools:

  • Korea International School [ko] (한국외국인학교)
  • Seoul Academy International School [ko] (서울아카데미국제학교)

Former schools

  • Japanese School in Seoul[17]

Attractions[edit]

Gangnam District at night

The important business district around Teheranno (Tehran Street) runs east–west from Gangnam station to lớn Samseong station and the COEX Convention & Exhibition Center-Korean World Trade Center complex. Several popular shopping and entertainment areas are located in Gangnam District, including Apgujeong, the COEX Mall and the area around Gangnam station and Garosugil.

Cheongdam-dong is notable as an upmarket shopping area, with stores of global and local luxury brands, such as MCM Haus flagship store;[18] Vera Wang's third global and first Asian flagship store 'Vera Wang Bridal Korea';[19] as well as French jeweler Cartier's Cartier Maison, located on Apgujeong-ro, which is the largest in Korea and at the time of opening, in 2008, the seventh largest in the world.[20]

The area has a large concentration of vegetarian and other upscale restaurants that serve Korean cuisine with a modern twist, namely on the main street from Bongeun Temple to lớn Park Hyatt Hotel in Samseong-dong.[21]

Transportation[edit]

Gangnam District is served by Seoul Subway Line 2, Seoul Subway Line 3, Seoul Subway Line 7, Seoul Subway Line 9, Bundang Line and the Shinbundang Line.

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  • Korail
  • Bundang Line
(Seongdong-gu) ← Apgujeongrodeo – Gangnam-gu Office – Seonjeongreung – Seolleung – Hanti – Dogok – Guryong – Gaepo-dong – Daemosan – Suseo → (Songpa-gu)
  • Seoul Metro
  • Seoul Subway Line 2 Euljiro Circle Line
(Songpa-gu) ← Samseong – Seolleung – Yeoksam – Gangnam → (Seocho-gu)
  • Seoul Subway Line 3
(Seongdong-gu) ← Apgujeong – Sinsa → (Seocho-gu) ← Maebong – Dogok – Daechi – Hangnyeoul – Daecheong – Irwon – Suseo – (Songpa-gu)
  • Shinbundang Line
(Seocho-gu) ← Gangnam
  • Seoul Subway Line 7
(Gwangjin-gu) ← Cheongdam – Gangnam-gu Office – Hak-dong – Nonhyeon → (Seocho-gu)
  • Metro 9 corporation
  • Seoul Subway Line 9
(Seocho-gu) ← Sinnonhyeon ← Eonju ← Seonjeongneung ← Samseong Jungang ← Bongeunsa

Festivals[edit]

There are several festivals held in Gangnam District.

  • International Peace Marathon Festival in October
  • Gangnam Fashion Festival in October
  • Sports Festival for residents in Gangnam Distinct in May
  • Daemosan Festival

Following the anti-American protests in Seoul in the early 2000s, the local authorities in the Gangnam District have organized various cultural and sporting events, such as the International Peace Marathon, jointly with the United States Forces Korea. In 2009 they were awarded a 'special prize' by the US Army for promoting cultural exchanges with American troops.[24][25][26]

Popular culture[edit]

  • The Caffè Pascucci coffee chain in Apgujeong-dong was used as one of the main filming locations for Seoul Broadcasting System's 2001 drama Beautiful Days, starring Lee Byung-hun, Choi Ji-woo, Ryu Si-won, Shin Min-a, Lee Jung-hyun and Lee Yoo-jin.[27]
  • Several subway stations in Gangnam and nearby areas were used as filming locations for the 2012 Hollywood film The Bourne Legacy, the fourth installment in the Bourne film series.[28]
  • The 2012 K-pop tuy nhiên "Gangnam Style" by South Korean entertainer Psy was inspired by the lifestyle of the Gangnam region and its music đoạn phim was shot in the aforementioned location.[29] The tuy nhiên and video's popularity increased international awareness of the district. In the music đoạn phim, Psy can be seen nhảy đầm on top of the ASEM Tower with the Trade Tower in the background. The two buildings are part of World Trade Center Seoul (WTC Seoul), also known as COEX.[30]
  • In December 2012, Cheongdam-dong was the setting for the SBS weekend drama series, Cheongdam-dong Alice. It stars Moon Geun-young, Park Si-hoo, So Yi-hyun and Kim Ji-seok and is based on the novel, Cheongdamdong Audrey.[31]
  • In May 2013, the Cheongdam-dong branch of 10 Corso Como was used as a filming location for the music đoạn phim of Psy's single "Gentleman".[32]
  • The webtoon My ID is Gangnam Beauty (내 ID는 강남미인!) by Gi Maeng-gi, which is about a girl who underwent plastic surgery due to lớn being bullied because of her appearance, was released on Naver Webtoon in năm nhâm thìn. Its title referred to lớn the namesake district being called the "Mecca of plastic surgery", with the term "Gangnam beauty" being used as a pejorative term to lớn those who undergo the process.[33][34] In 2018, generalist pay TV channel JTBC aired a television drama adaptation of the webtoon which was produced by ACC Korea.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Gangnam District is twinned with:[35]

  • China Chaoyang (Beijing), China
  • United States Gwinnett County, United States
  • China Licheng (Jinan), China
  • United States Riverside, United States
  • Belgium Woluwe-Saint-Pierre, Belgium
  • China Zhongshan (Dalian), China
  • South Korea Buyeo, South Korea
  • South Korea Boseong, South Korea
  • South Korea Cheongdo, South Korea
  • South Korea Cheorwon, South Korea
  • South Korea Ganghwa, South Korea
  • South Korea Gapyeong, South Korea
  • South Korea Goesan, South Korea
  • United States Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States
  • South Korea Gunsan, South Korea
  • South Korea Paju, South Korea
  • South Korea Sangju, South Korea
  • South Korea Sinan, South Korea
  • South Korea Tongyeong, South Korea
  • South Korea Yangpyeong, South Korea
  • South Korea Yeongju, South Korea
  • South Korea Yeongdo (Busan), South Korea
  • South Korea Yeongdong, South Korea

See also[edit]

  • List of districts of Seoul
  • Administrative divisions of Gangnam District
  • Fashion in South Korea

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b https://www.citypopulation.de/php/southkorea-admin.php?adm2id=11230%7C Gangnam-gu (City District, Seoul, South Korea) - Population Statistics ... - Retrieved 23-03-01
  2. ^ "Gangnam apartment prices jump 84 times in 40 years". 29 March 2020.
  3. ^ Kwon, Sang-soo (12 September 2012). "City designates area by COEX as smoke-free". Joongang Daily. Archived from the original on 9 December 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  4. ^ Cha, Frances (17 August 2012). "Interview: PSY on 'Gangnam Style,' posers and that hysterical little boy". CNN. Archived from the original on 24 September 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2012. I've heard it said that Gangnam is the Beverly Hills of Korea. But I would say that Gangnam is the capital of Seoul, which, of course, is the capital of Korea.
  5. ^ 강남아파트 1채 팔면 보성군에서 25채 산다. inews24 (in Korean). 23 March 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
  6. ^ 서울시 강남구 땅값, 부산시 전체와 비슷. The Chosun Ilbo (in Korean). July 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
  7. ^ "Google locations." Google. Retrieved 25 May năm nhâm thìn. "Google Seoul Google Korea LLC. 22nd Floor, Gangnam Finance Center 152 Teheran-ro, Gangnam-gu Seoul 135-984 South Korea"
  8. ^ Kim, Ji-soo (22 February 2012). "Carving out niche with pop rock bands". The Korea Times. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
  9. ^ Contact Us – LOEN Entertainment.
  10. ^ "International Offices." American Megatrends. Retrieved 17 February 2019. "Korea: AMI 한국지사 서울시 강남구 대치동 942-18 세풍빌딩 8층 135-845 (AMI Korea, Sepung Building 8F, 942-18, Daechidong, Gangnamgu, Seoul, 135-845 Korea)"
  11. ^ "Gangnam has 'Style' and ví much more". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  12. ^ Cho Jin-seo. "Seoul unveils G20 summit's symbol," The Korea Times (ROK). 8 July 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
  13. ^ "Seoul Nuclear Security Summit Gets Underway Monday" Chosun Ilbo. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-26
  14. ^ "The number of SNU entrants in 2010, sorted by regions". Prime Economy (in Korean). 4 February 2010. Archived from the original on 18 February 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
  15. ^ "The number of SNU entrants from Seoul in 2010, sorted by districts". Yonhap News (in Korean). 3 February 2010. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
  16. ^ 지역 간 유학률 격차 커져 … 강남구 1000명당 23명 최고. Yonhap News (in Korean). đôi mươi October 2010. Archived from the original on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2012.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  17. ^ Home page. Japanese School in Seoul. 5 August 2004. Retrieved 19 October năm nhâm thìn. "大韓民国ソウル特別市江南区開浦洞153" - 153 Gaepo-dong, Gangnam-gu, Seoul
  18. ^ "MCM Haus Flagship store". CNN. 1 June 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  19. ^ Lee, Rachel (29 June 2012). "Vera Wang opens 1st Asia flagship in Seoul". The Korea Times. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  20. ^ Garcia, Cathy Rose A. (28 September 2008). "Cartier Opens Flagship Store in Cheongdam". The Korea Times. Archived from the original on 7 November 2013. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
  21. ^ Cho Jae-eun; Chang Hae-won; Choung Hyuk-min (3 August 2011). "Feast of food in a concrete jungle". Joongang Daily. Archived from the original on 16 February 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  22. ^ Rogers, Simon (25 October 2012). "Gangnam Style: how Seoul's most exclusive neighbourhood went global". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  23. ^ Rachel Sang-hee Han; Frances Cha (17 December 2012). "13 things you've got to lớn tự in Seoul". CNN. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  24. ^ "Gangnam-gu Promotes Further Exchanges with USFK". Gangnam-gu. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  25. ^ Fisher, Max. "Gangnam Nationalism: Why Psy's anti-American rap shouldn't surprise you". The Washington Post. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
  26. ^ "American troops participate in Gangnam Marathon". The Official Homepage of the United States Army. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  27. ^ "Beautiful Days". Korean TV Drama. Korea Tourism Organization. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
  28. ^ "'Bourne Legacy' Puts Seoul on Hollywood Radar". The Chosun Ilbo. 28 June 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
  29. ^ "'Gangnam Style' Goes Viral". 5 September 2012. Archived from the original on 9 December 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
  30. ^ "There is no gangnam district in Gangnam style music video". MK News (in Korean). 12 September 2012. Archived from the original on 19 December 2012.
  31. ^ Ho, Stewart (10 August 2012). "Will Moon Geun Young Make Her Small Screen Comeback Through Cheongdamdong Alice?". enewsWorld. CJ E&M. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  32. ^ Park, Jin-hai (7 May 2013). "Psy showcases Korean fashion: 10 Corso Como Seoul offers fashion and culture in new Gangnam style". The Korea Times. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  33. ^ "Welcome to lớn the plastic surgery capital of the world". CNN. 9 August 2012.
  34. ^ Gi, Maeng-gi. "내 ID는 강남미인! (My ID is Gangnam Beauty)". Naver WEBTOON.
  35. ^ "자매결연도시". gangnam.go.kr (in Korean). Gangnam District. Retrieved 16 April 2020.

External links[edit]

  • Gangnam-gu trang web (in Korean)
  • https://www.gangnam.go.kr/global/main.do?lang=en Gangnam-gu website]
  • Gangnam-gu > Tourism / Culture > Maps (Gangnam-gu maps)
  • (in Korean) Map, status quo and origin of dong names of Gangnam-gu
  • "Tour The Ritzy Seoul District That Inspired Viral Hit 'Gangnam Style'", photoessay at BusinessInsider.com, đôi mươi September 2012
  • Gangnam Street Videoclip